1. 本试卷分为试题卷和大题卡两部分，试题卷共10页。全卷满分150分，考试时间120 分钟。
Part I Reading Comprehension (共20小题，每小题2分，共40分)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.
Different countries and different races have different manners. Before entering a house in some Asian countries, it is good manners to take off your shoes. In European countries even though shoes sometimes become very muddy, this is not done. A guest in a Chinese house sometimes does not finish a drink. He leaves a little, to show that he has had enough. In a Malay house, too, a guest always leaves a little food. In England, a guest always finishes a drink to show that he enjoys it.
We should like to find out the customs of other races, so that they will not think us ill-mannered. But people all over the world agree that being well-mannered really means being kind and helping others, especially those older or weaker than ourselves. If you remember this, you will not go very far wrong.
Here are some examples of the things that a well-mannered person does or does not do.
He never laughs at people when they are in trouble. He is always kind either to people or animals. When people are waiting for a bus, or in a post office, he lines up to wait his turn. In the bus, he gives his seat to an older person or a lady who is standing. If he accidentally bumps into (碰撞) someone, or gets in their way, he says “Excuse me” or “I’m sorry” .
He says “Please” when making a request, and “Thank you” when he receives something. He stands up when speaking to a lady or an older person, and he does not sit down until the other person is seated. He does not talk too much about himself. When eating, he does not speak with his mouth full of food.
1. According to the passage, a knowledge of the customs of other races ___________.
A. is very useful B. is unnecessary
C. is unimportant D. does not mean much
2. A person with good manners thinks of ____________.
A. others before himself B. himself before others
C. no one but himself D. others as well as himself
3. Which of the following is NOT true? A well-mannered person usually __________.
A. says “Please” when making a request
B. makes an apology for bumping into someone accidentally
C. sits where he is when speaking to a lady
D. tries to help those who are in trouble
4. If you want to be well-mannered, ___________.
A. you laugh at people when they are in trouble
B. it’s all right to speak with your mouth full of food
C. you should stop someone when he is talking
D. you can only speak after someone else has finished talking
5. As different countries have different manners, ___________.
A. it’s good to learn to be well-mannered
B. we should try to find out the differences in the customs
C. it should be wrong to go out of one’s way to do anything
D. learning a little language would be helpful
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.
I entered St. Thomas’s Hospital as a medical student at the age of 18 and spent five years there. I was an unsatisfactory student, for my heart was not in it. I had always wanted to be a writer, and in the evenings, after my tea, I wrote and read. Before long, I wrote a novel, called Liza of Lambeth, which I sent to a publisher and was accepted. It appeared during my last year at the hospital and had something of a success. I felt I could afford to give up medicine and make writing my profession; so, three days after I graduated from the school of medicine, I set out for Spain to write another book. Looking back now, and knowing the terrible difficulties of making a living by writing, I realize I was taking a fearful risk.
The next ten years were very hard, and I earned an average of ￡100 a year. Then I had a bit of luck. The manager of the Court Theatre put on a play that failed; the next play he arranged to put on was not ready, and he was at his wit’s end. He read a play of mine and, though he did not much like it, he thought it might just run for the six weeks till the play he had in mind could be produced. It ran for fifteen months. Within a short while I had four plays running in London at the same time. Nothing of the kind had ever happened before. I was the talk of the town.
6. When the author was a medical student, he ____________________.
A. had some trouble with his heart
B. was a very good student
C. wanted to be a writer after graduation
D. was satisfied with what he was doing at the time
7. When the author wrote his first novel, ____________________.
A. he sent it to a publisher but it was not accepted
B. he was still studying at the medical school
C. he succeeded in publishing it though it was not a success
D. he had graduated from the medical school
8. The author gave up medicine because at that time____________________.
A. he thought he could make a living by writing
B. he knew the success of the book was natural
C. he knew it was no risk to be a writer
D. he was quite rich after the success of his book
9. For the first ten years of his writing career after his graduation, the author earned an average of ￡100 a year, which was ____________________.
A. a great sum B. a bit of luck
C. a small sum D. a moderate success
10. The manager of the Court Theatre agreed to put on the author’s play because _________________.
A. he thought the author was a good playwright
B. he liked the author’s plays very much
C. he failed to arrange a new play in time
D. he heard that the author had studied medicine before